Centenary Year Of Victoria Memorial, The Iconic Monument Of Kolkata

Jaita Dey

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Victoria Memorial

Centenary Year Of Victoria Memorial celebrate the day on 20th November 2021. The building is an Iconic Monument of Kolkata inaugurated publicly on 1921, Laid foundation by Prince of wales, Who became king George v later.

Victoria Memorial Hall celebrated it’s Centenary Year on 20th November 2021, as World Heritage Week on 19 to 25th November. On 20th November public launch of Projection Mapping Show, dedicated to 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose with a magnificent laser show on Victoria Memorial.

Victoria Memorial
Laser show on Centenary Year In Victoria

Victoria Memorial Is Iconic Monument Of Kolkata

The Victoria Memorial Hall is one of the Iconic Monument of Kolkata has opened for the public on 1921, which was laid foundation by then Prince of Wales, later he became King George V on January 4, 1906.

Victoria Memorial is not only a piece of architectural masterpiece, it is also the grand memorial of British Empress Queen Victoria, who died in January 1901. 

The Victorian Era was 63 years of span, which was reign Queen Victoria in UK from 1837 to 1901. She was born at Kensington Palace in London on January 4th, 1819. She was only daughter of Edward, The Duke of Kent and son of George III.

Then Viceroy of India was Lord Curzon, who proposed to build this marvelous monument to honor of their beloved empress. A big mass gathering was arranged in Town Hall.

There Lord Curzon appealed to the Indian to raise funds for the building the grand memorial of queen Victoria. People of India raised the fund of one crore fifty Lakh almost and the building was made of that fund, only some part of the structure borne by British.

Before the Victoria Memorial was born the place was residency of Central Jail building. The jail was shifted to Alipore and the building demolished before the foundation of Victoria Memorial was laid. 

Design of Victoria Memorial was inspired by Taj Mahal style. A big central dome surrounded by four smaller domes and chaatris of octagonal shape.

Top of central dome ornamented with a 16 feet tall magnificent fiery with big wings and a big long flute holding in mouth, The Angel of Victory. The significant of the statue is, It can move according to air direction.

It shows which direction the air is blowing. Surrounding the central dome the structures of sculptures are Art, Justice, Charity and architecture when north porch are surrounded the sculpture of Prudence, Motherhood and Learning.

Victoria Memorial Is Largest Museum In Kolkata Now  

Victoria Memorial is now largest museum in Kolkata. It has 28,000  collections of arts, painting ,books, armors etc, including 25 galleries in the museum and most famous are Calcutta Gallery, Portrait Gallery, Royale Gallery, Sculpture Gallery and National Leaders Gallery.

Outside the Memorial surrounded a beautiful garden with decorated of  four lakes, where people can sit beside the lake. The garden is decorated with statue of Queen Victoria, Charles Cornwallis, Arthur Wellesley  and Rajendra Nath Mukherjee and many others.

The Victoria Memorial only once painted in black at the time of World War II, to camouflage and  prevent it from Japanese Bomber target.

In the evening there is a famous light and Sound show held in the Victoria Memorial open air. This show called as “Pride and Glory– The Story of Calcutta” and it is a journey of  recall the memories,  about the glorious history and heritage of the city of joy, Kolkata.

The Show Duration 45 minutes. The Show in Bengali. 6.15pm to 7.00pm (October to February) and 6.45pm to 7.30pm (March to June )

The Show in English : 7.15pm to 8.00pm (Oct. to Feb.) and 7.45pm to 8.30pm (March to June).

Monday has no shows including National Holidays and July, August and September has also no shows because of Monsoon.

Frequently Asked Questions And Answers

Ques 1. In which century was Victoria Memorial built ?

Ans 1. Victoria Memorial Hall finally opened to the public on 1921 which foundation laid by then Prince Of Whales, King George v in January 4, 1906.

Ques 2. During which century Victoria reign ?

Ans 2. Queen Victoria was rule in the century of 1837 to 1901. She borne on 24th May 1819 in London and became queen on 1937. She got Hierarchy from her father Edward, son of George III.

Ques 3. Did Queen Victoria visit India ?

Ans 3. No. Queen Victoria never visited India.

Ques 4. Which city has India’s oldest museum and Victoria Memorial ?

Ans 4. Victoria Memorial Hall is the one of iconic monument of Kolkata. The Indian Museum is the oldest museum in India and 9th oldest in the world.

Ques 5. What was the era of Queen Victoria called ?

Ans 5. The 63 years of span called Victorian Era, which was reign of Queen Victoria in UK from1837 to 1901.

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